Free Web space and hosting from freehomepage.com
Search the Web


 
Number: 2002-75
Date Released: June 20, 2002

GENERAL SANTOS CITY:
ANNUAL POPULATION GROWTH RATE REMAINED AT FIVE PERCENT

(Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Population to double in 14 years

The population of General Santos City, as of May 2000 was 411,822 persons. This was up by 84,649 persons as compared to 327,173 persons recorded in the 1995 Census of Population. For the period 1995 to 2000, the annual population growth rate for General Santos City was 5.05 percent, slightly lower than the 5.14 percent annual population growth rate during the 1990 to 1995 period. This was more than twice as much as the national annual population growth rate of 2.36 percent. If the current annual population growth rate of the province continues, the population of General Santos City was expected to double in 14 years.

The highest population growth rate recorded for General Santos City since 1970 was during the intercensal period 1975 to 1980 at an annual population growth rate of 10.42 percent. The lowest was during the period 1970 to 1975 at 1.21 percent.

The number of households increased to 86,595 as compared to 65,509 households in 1995. The average household size recorded in 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was 4.74 persons, lower than the 1995 figure of 4.97 persons and the national average of five persons.

General Santos City ranked seventh in Southern Mindanao Region

General Santos City ranked seventh in terms of population size among the six provinces (Compostela Valley, Davao, Davao del Sur, Davao Oriental, Sarangani and South Cotabato) and two highly urbanized cities (General Santos City and Davao City) in Southern Mindanao. This city contributed 7.94 percent to the 5.2 million population in the region. At the national level, the city shared 0.54 percent to the total population of 76.5 million as recorded in the Census 2000.

Barangay Fatima was the largest in terms of population size

Of the 26 barangays comprising General Santos City, Barangay Fatima contributed the biggest proportion (11.67 percent) to the total population of the city. Barangays Calumpang and Labangal followed with 11.62 and 11.40 percent, respectively. Barangay Olympog was the smallest in terms of population with 2,285 persons or 0.55 percent of the population of the city.


General Santos City had a median age of 19 years

The city had a young population with a median age of 19 years. This meant that in 2000, half of the population were below 19 years old.

Male population outnumbered their female counterparts with a sex ratio of 101.55 males for every 100 females. There were more males than females in the age group 0 to 14 years and 25 to 64 years. On the other hand, females dominated their male counterparts in the age group 15 to 24 and 65 years and over.

In 2000, overall dependency ratio was 65

The proportion of the total population belonging to the age group 0 to 14 years was 37.2 percent. The oldest group (65 years and over) accounted for 2.3 percent of the city population while 60.5 percent belonged to the economically active population aged 15 to 64 years.

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 65.35. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 65 dependents (61 persons aged 0 to 14 years young dependents; and 4 persons aged 65 years and over old dependents).

Females had higher levels of education

About 36 percent of household population five years old and over had completed or attended elementary education; 32.37 percent, high school; and 4.72 percent were academic degree holders. By sex, males dominated the elementary (53.35 percent) and post secondary levels (50.96 percent). Females dominated the higher levels of education, from college to post baccalaureate levels.

Home of the Cebuanos

About 57.1 percent of the population of General Santos City classified themselves as Cebuano, 18.3 percent as Hiligaynon/Ilongo, and 4.5 percent as Tagalog. One out of eight persons in General Santos City belonged to other ethnic groups.

More single men than women

About 45.75 percent of the total population 10 years old and over were married while 43.56 percent were single. The remaining 11 percent were either widowed, separated/divorced, with other arrangements or with unknown marital status.

Single persons were mostly men (52.40 percent) as compared to 47.6 percent for women. The proportion of widowed females was noticeably higher (75 percent) than the males (25 percent).

Housing occupancy rate up by 6.25 percentage points

The total housing units in General Santos City was 85,081, of which 85,058 units were occupied or almost 100 percent occupancy rate. This registered an increase of 6.25 percentage points from 1990 and a ratio of 1.02 households per occupied housing unit or a ratio of 4.83 persons per occupied housing unit.

Most households preferred single houses

Majority of the occupied housing units were single houses (87.9 percent). About seven out of ten housing units needed no repair or if needed one with minor repair only, and 31 percent were built from 1996 to 2000.

More than half of the occupied housing units had roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum

As to the construction materials used for housing units, 66 percent of the occupied housing units had roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum, while 25.7 percent used cogon/nipa/anahaw.

About 36.5 percent of the housing units had bamboo/sawali/cogon/nipa as the construction materials of the outer walls and 32.3 percent used concrete/brick/stone.

GENERAL SANTOS CITY
HISTORICAL HIGHLIGHTS

February 27, 1939, - General Paulino Santos led the first and largest batch of settlers organized under the National Land Settlement Administration to the shores of Sarangani Bay.

January 1948, - By virtue of Republic Act No. 82, Buayan District whose territorial boundaries included the present municipalities of Sarangani and South Cotabato provinces, namely Alabel, Glan, Malapatan, Malungon and Polomolok became a full fledge municipality.

June 1954, - the Municipality of Buayan was renamed General Santos as a tribute to its great pioneer.

July 8, 1968, - By virtue of Republic Act No. 5412, the Municipality of General Santos was converted into a city. It was declared as a highly urbanized city on September 5, 1988.

Source: Website of League of Provinces of the Philippines (www.leagueofprovinces.org.ph)

 
(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

Table 1. Total Population Distribution of Top Ten Barangays: General Santos City, 2000

Municipalities Total Population Percent
General Santos City 411,822 100.00
     Fatima 48,080 11.67
     Calumpang 47,872 11.62
     Labangal 46,960 11.40
     Lagao 42,903 10.42
     Bula 32,420 7.87
     Apopong 29,365 7.13
     San Isidro 27,068 6.57
     City Heights 20,896 5.07
     Dadiangas West 16,196 3.93
     Mabuhay 10,380 2.52
Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: General Santos City, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
General Santos City 411,822 207,496 204,326 101.55
     Under 1 11,000 5,600 5,400 103.70
     1 to 4 42,805 21,835 20,970 104.12
     5 to 9 51,576 26,269 25,307 103.80
     10 to 14 47,934 24,040 23,894 100.61
     15 to 19 45,064 21,525 23,539 91.44
     20 to 24 41,076 20,132 20,944 96.12
     25 to 29 36,763 18,511 18,252 101.42
     30 to 34 33,474 16,853 16,621 101.40
     35 to 39 28,027 14,421 13,606 105.99
     40 to 44 22,270 11,561 10,709 107.96
     45 to 49 16,570 8,839 7,731 114.33
     50 to 54 11,524 6,074 5,450 111.45
     55 to 59 7,907 4,185 3,722 112.44
     60 to 64 6,388 3,261 3,127 104.29
     65 to 69 4,035 1,953 2,082 93.80
     70 to 74 2,567 1,211 1,356 89.31
     75 to 79 1,474 671 803 83.56
     80 & Over 1,368 555 813 68.27
Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: General Santos City, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
General Santos City 357,085 179,442 177,643
     No Grade Completed 15,929 8,064 7,865
     Pre-School 10,558 5,357 5,201
     Elementary 130,125 69,419 60,706
     High School 115,599 56,070 59,529
     Post Secondary 13,485 6,872 6,613
     College Undergraduate 43,234 20,886 22,348
     Academic Degree Holder 16,853 7,281 9,572
     Post Baccalaureate 3,183 1,475 1,708
     Not Stated 8,119 4,018 4,101
Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: General Santos City, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
General Santos City 306,441 133,499 140,192 9,501 2,807 16,569 3,873
     Below 20 92,998 86,948 1,944 106 68 1,542 2,390
     20 24 41,076 25,524 10,874 77 167 3,797 637
     25 29 36,763 10,990 21,577 139 337 3,397 323
     30 34 33,474 4,768 25,397 265 394 2,492 158
     35 39 28,027 2,229 23,094 450 396 1,781 77
     40 44 22,270 1,146 18,621 710 422 1,318 53
     45 49 16,570 669 13,812 815 339 893 42
     50 54 11,524 442 9,126 1,089 272 559 36
     55 59 7,907 279 6,001 1,106 163 322 36
     60 64 6,388 201 4,577 1,251 123 205 31
     65 69 4,035 120 2,579 1,134 57 121 24
     70 74 2,567 90 1,409 945 39 62 22
     75 79 1,474 33 694 678 14 37 18
     80 & Over 1,368 60 487 736 16 43 26
Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: General Santos City, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
General Santos City 410,848 206,854 203,994
     Cebuano 234,597 118,736 115,861
     Hiligaynon/Ilongo 75,118 37,042 38,076
     Tagalog 18,594 9,155 9,439
     Maguindanao 15,915 7,919 7,996
     Bilaan 12,170 6,073 6,097
     Others 52,409 26,870 25,539
     Other Foreign Ethnicity 587 339 248
     Not Reported 1,458 720 738
Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units, Households, Household Population and Ratio of Households and Household Population to Occupied Housing Unit by Type of Building: General Santos City, 2000

Type of Building Occupied Housing Unit Household Household Population Ratio of Household & Household Population
Household to
Occupied
Housing Unit
Household
Population to
Occupied
Housing Unit
General Santos City 85,058 86,595 410,848 1.02 4.83
     Single House 74,736 75,994 367,483 1.02 4.92
     Duplex 3,105 3,211 13,771 1.03 4.44
     Multi-Unit Residential 4,727 4,903 18,170 1.04 3.84
     Commercial/Industrial/Agricultural 405 420 1,718 1.04 4.24
     Institutional Living Quarters 42 42 160 1.00 3.81
     Other Housing Unit 12 12 57 1.00 4.75
     Not Reported 2,031 2,063 9,489 1.02 4.67
Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

Being a highly urbanized city, the population of General Santos City was excluded in the population counts of South Cotabato. As defined in the 1991 Local Government Code, a city is considered highly urbanized if it has an annual income of not lower than fifty million pesos based on 1991 constant prices, as certified by the city treasurer; and its population is at least two hundred thousand (200,000) inhabitants, as certified by NSO.


--- o0o ---
Global GenSan 2002